STUDYING SEISMIC PHENOMENA FROM SPACE
In 2018, the Sino-Italian satellite CSES (China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite), dedicated to the study of seismic phenomena from space, was placed in orbit. A second identical satellite is under construction for a launch in late 2022. The data collected by the first CSES satellite made it possible to develop a causal model - MILC (Magnetospheric-Ionospheric-Lithospheric-Coupling) – of the coupling between the lithosphere and the magnetosphere, paving the way for seismic monitoring from space. The understanding of the coupling mechanisms activated during the earthquake (co-seismic effects), opens the way to the research of possible precursor phenomena phenomena (pre-seismic effects), exploiting the optimal point of view represented by satellite observation.